Wednesday, 23 March 2016

Definition of Conference Intrepreting dan Intralingual Translation

Conference Interpreting

1.      Conference Interpreting is the target language production by the interpreter of a(string of) word (s) before (or simultaneous with) the speaker's production of the corresponding (string of ) words (Vandepitte, 2001)

2.      Conference Interpreting makes bilingual or multilingual communication possible by comprehending the concept of speaker messages and conveying them orally in another language (AIIC Bulletin 22/3, 1994: 19, cited in Vourikosky 2002:21, in Viktorija Bilic, at all. 2010)

3.      Conference interpreting is a demanding occupation practiced by highly trained and knowledgeable professionals. Conference interpreters listen to speeches, presentations, debates and other forms of spoken discourse in one language, and “relay” them into  another language  (Glendon, n.a)

4.      Conference interpreting is not merely a question of repeating words or phrases in another language, or a matter of code switching. It is a highly complex activity that requires the interpreter to simultaneously listen, analyze, comprehend, translate, edit and reproduce a speaker’s speech in real time, while looking at the speaker to observe the non-verbal signals of his (her) message, as well as the reactions s/he arouses among the recipients of that message. Not only is the content of the text unrevealed as the interpreter proceeds, but the speaker’s underlying intention may also remain obscure, since perceiving it requires larger chunks oftext than are available in real-time oral delivery (Esteban, 2011).

5.      To interpret is first and foremost to understand the intended message perfectly. It can then be detached from the words used to convey it and reconstituted in all its subtlety in words of the target  language. The goal of conference interpretation is a relatively smooth presentation of the cognitive content of the message, with the interpreter extracting the ideas from the oral discourse and reproducing them in an appropriate formand register in the target language (Diriker, n.a)

6.      A conference interpreter renders verbally in one language a statement spoken in another language at a formal or informal meeting or in a conference-like situation. Professional conference interpretation may be consecutive or simultaneous regardless of the length and/or complexity of the original statement (Sauer 1997:15, cited in Eraslan, 2008).


Intralingual Translation

1.      Intralingual translaiton or rewording is replaced  and interpreted by other vebral expression of the same language (Stockinger, 2003)

2.      Intralingual translation, or  rewording(an interpretation of verbal signs by means of other signs in the same language) (Bassentt, 2002)

3.      Intralingual translation is translation which takes place within a language with language, presumably, referring to a national language such as Danish. So, intralingual translation is ”putting something into different words”. Therefore, it could be said that synonymy is a key issue in the production of intralingual translation. However, in this connection, Jakobson stated that synonymy cannot ensure complete equivalence (Jakobson, 1959, p. 114). So even though a word substitutes another word, the meaning conveyed is rarely, if ever, exactly the same. As a result, equivalence in meaning is one of the problems in the production of intralingual translation (Charlotte, 2012: 12).

4.      Intralingual translation is to explain, declare, rephrase or paraphrase a term or an expression in the same language, either in oral or written form. For instance, what I am trying to do here (to explain the meaning of intralingual translation in English) is already a kind of intralingual translation (Tso, 2010)

5.      Intra-lingual translation or interpretation of verbal signs by verbal signs of the same language (sign system). The transla-tion within a system of signs is related to paraphrasing, changing of genres and discourses (Torop, 2002).


Reference

Bassnett, Susan. 2002. Translation Studies. Third edition. London: Routledge

Charlotte. 2002. Translation students’ ability to produce intralingual translation: A comparison with communication students Aarhus University.

Eraslan, Seyda Gercek. 2008. “Cultural Mediator” or “Scrupulous Translator”? Revisiting Role, Context and Culture in Consecutive Conference  Interpreting. Dokuz Eylul University

Diriker, Ebru. n.a. AgencyinConferenceInterpreting: StillaMyth?. Turkey: BoğaziçiUniversity

Esteban Causo, J. (2011). Conference interpreting with information and communication technologies experiences from the European Commission DG Interpretation. In Braun, S. & J. L. Taylor (Eds.), Videoconference and remote interpreting in criminal proceedings.Guildford: University of Surrey, 199-203.

Glendon. n.a. Master of Conference Interpreting: A clear voice for the world’s stage. Canada: York University.

Viktorija Bilic, at all. 2010. The Conceptual Mapping Model in Consecutive Interpreting Teaching. Wissenchaftlicher Verlag Trier: T21N – Translation in Transition 2010-07.

Vandepitte, Sonia. 2001. Anticipationin Conference Interpreting: A Cognitive Process. GhentTranslationandInterpretingCollege. Revista Alicantina de Estudios Ingleses 14 (2001): 323 – 33

Stockinger, peter. 2003. Semiotic of Cultures: Culture, language and traslation. Paris: Universitat Bayreuth.

Tso, Wing Bo. 2010. An Explorative Chapter on Translation and Translation Studies. The University of Birmingham.

Torop, Peeter. 2002. Translation as Translating as Culture. University of Tartu. Sign Systems Studies 30.2, 2002.

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